ANIMAL BREEDING & DISEASE CONTROL (AB&DC) SECTION,

HEAD OFFICE

ACTIVITIES OF THE AB&DC SECTION

Animal health coverage

Animal breeding services

Semen Production – Nucleus Jersey & Stud Farm, Ooty

Semen Distribution – Buffalo Frozen Semen Station, Erode

Bull Production – PTS / FPRP / NDP – PTP

Other Activities

– Ensuring Veterinary Medicine Availability

-Carrying out Foot and Mouth Disease Vaccination

-Cattle Insurance

-Arranging Breeding Infrastructure

-Arranging training to Veterinarians and VLWs

-Liaison with TNLDA, AHD and TANUVAS

Schemes

National Agricultural Development Programme (NADP) - National Project on Bovine Breeding (NPBB)

- National Dairy Plan (NDP) – Progeny Testing Programme

Nucleus Jersey and Stud Farm (NJ&SF), Udhagamandalam

The Nucleus Jersey and Stud Farm of Federation was established in 1973. It consists of two divisions viz. Bull Mother Farm and Stud Farm. Stud Farm is located in an area of 37.725 acres of land leased from the Forest Department, while Bull Mother Farm is located in an extent of 46.33 acres of Revenue land.

Bull Mother Farm - maintains high pedigree Cows of Jersey breed, to produce genetically superior Jersey breeding bulls for production of quality frozen semen for breeding purposes. In the same location in Kakkathope, cultivation of Oats, Maize & Kikuyu grass is also undertaken for fodder requirement of the farms.

Stud Farm – maintains Pure Jersey, Crossbred Jersey, Pure Holstein Friesian (HF) and Cross Bred Holstein Friesian bulls for frozen semen production. Frozen semen is supplied to all the District Cooperative Milk Producers’ Unions (DCMPU) in the State which in turn distributes frozen semen straws to the Artificial Insemination Centres under their control for artificial insemination of the cows belonging to the members of the Milk Producers’ Cooperative Societies. Presently, there are around 143 bulls at the Stud Farm, of which 89 are under collection. Eleven imported bulls viz. ten pure Jersey and one pure HF are also being maintained in the farm. The farm produces around 18.00 Lakh doses of frozen semen straws per year on an average.

The Nucleus Jersey and Stud Farm is an ISO 9001:2008 certified and ‘A’ graded semen station.

OBJECTIVES

To maintain high pedigree Jersey cattle, to produce genetically superior Jersey Breeding Bulls and Cows.

To produce Frozen Semen Straws from genetically superior Jersey, Friesian and Cross-bred Bulls and supply the same throughout Tamil Nadu for Artificial Insemination of Cattle.

To augment milk production in local cattle in the milk sheds of Tamil Nadu under Operation Flood by Cross-breeding through Artificial Insemination using quality Frozen Semen produced from pure- bred and cross-bred bulls with superior germ plasm.

QUALITY OBJECTIVES OF NJ&SF

Delivery of the Frozen Semen Straws at the right time.

100% fulfilling the customer’s quality requirements.

Continuous improvements in ensuring minimal wastage in the raw materials, products, packing materials as per the customer’s requirement.

Ensuring safe, hygienic and health environment for all the employees leading to production of quality Frozen Semen Straw.

Implementing Good Manufacturing Practices at the semen collection, processing and storage facilities leading to production of quality Frozen Semen Straws.

Achieving continuous measurable improvement in product.

Quality Management commitment in all aspects.

IMPORTED PURE JERSEY BULL

IMPORTED PURE HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN BULL

ANIMAL STRENGTH AS ON 01-01-2018 –Bull Mother Farm

DESCRIPTION

JERSEY

JERSEY

FRIESIAN

FRIESIAN

TOTAL

CROSS

CROSS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cows

11

--

--

--

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heifers

6

--

--

--

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Female calves

4

--

--

--

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Male calves

6

--

--

--

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

27

--

--

--

27

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANIMAL STRENGTH IN STUD FARM AS ON 01-01-2018

DESCRIPTION

JERSEY

JERSEY

FRIESIAN

FRIESIAN

TOTAL

CROSS

CROSS

 

 

 

 

YOUNG BULLS

03

12

00

00

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

BREEDING BULLS

20

59

08

02

89

(in Regular

 

 

 

 

 

semen collection)

 

 

 

 

 

BREEDING BULLS

 

 

 

 

 

(in Training for

00

08

00

01

09

semen collection)

 

 

 

 

 

BREEDING BULLS

02

06

00

01

09

(to be culled)

 

 

 

 

 

BULL CALVES in

00

10

05

06

21

rearing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

25

95

13

10

143

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strengthening of Semen Station, NJ&SF, Ooty

Under National Dairy Plan, Semen Station at Nucleus Jersey and Stud Farm, Ooty is being strengthened with a grant of Rs.1446.14 lakh. Under this project, there is a provision for construction of Quarantine station at Erode, Rearing Station at Pudukudi and civil works for strengthening of NJ&SF, Ooty apart from compound wall provision at Pre- quarantine station, Attur. In addition, various lab items, farm equipments and ICT items have also been procured under the scheme.

Bull Shed

Quality Control Laboratory

Buffalo Frozen Semen Station (BFSS), Erode

This unit undertakes the task of distribution of Frozen Semen Straws (white cattle) produced at NJ&SF, Ooty to all milk unions based on their requirement. The present off take by unions is around 1.67 lakh per month.

This Unit also distributes to district milk unions around 10,000 Nos. of Buffalo Frozen Semen Straws per month, procured from Animal Husbandry Department.

Rearing of breeding bull calves procured through Progeny Testing Programme (PTP) is also being carried out in this Unit.

PRE-QUARANTINE STATION AT ATTUR:

An establishment where bull calves below 3 months of age are kept in rearing before shifting them to a quarantine station (while the results of their dams, where applicable, are awaited and, till the male calves are at least 3 months of age), to ensure that the calves and their dams are negative for MSP diseases.

The calves are shifted to the quarantine only if they are negative for all MSP diseases and their dams are negative for TB,JD & Brucellosis.

Pre-Quarantine at Attur is for housing 60 nos. of bull calves procured from NDP-PTP & FPRP. At present 60 bull calves are housed at Pre- Quarantine, Attur.

In Pre-Quarantine, calves will be tested for all MSP diseases like TB, JD, Brucellosis, IBR and BVD, other Genetic disorders and chromosomal abnormalities.

PRE-QUARANTINE STATION AT ATTUR

QUARANTINE STATION AT ERODE:

An establishment where bull calves above 3 months of age are kept in rearing, after the calves and their dams have already been tested negative for MSP diseases (where applicable) either in field or while in pre-quarantine and where at least two rounds of testing are done for all MSP diseases with negative results, before they can be shifted to rearing station.

Quarantine at Erode is for housing 60 nos. of bull calves procured from NDP-PTP& FPRP. At present 60 bull calves are housed at Quarantine station at Erode.

QUARANTINE STATION AT ERODE

REARING STATION AT PUDUKUDI:

An establishment where bull calves which have passed through the pre-quarantine and quarantine are maintained before being transferred to the semen station. The final verification for MSP diseases will be done here by NDDB designated agency. Only animals that are negative to all the tests will be declared fit for induction into a semen station.

Rearing station at pudukudi is for housing 60 nos of bull calves procured from NDP-PTP / FPRP. At present 60 bull calves are housed at Rearing station at Pudukudi, Thanjavur District.

REARING STATION AT PUDUKUDI

DISEASE TESTING PROTOCOL:

Testing protocols are mandatory tests to be carried out on male calves selected through PT programmes in order to minimize the chances of transmitting diseases through frozen semen.

S.No.

Name of the Disease/Test

 

 

1.

Tuberculosis(TB)

 

 

2.

Johnes disease(JD)

 

 

3.

Brucellosis

 

 

4.

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis(IBR)

 

 

5.

Bovine viral diarrhoea(BVD)

 

 

6.

Karyotyping-For Chromosomal abnormalities

 

 

7.

Other Genetic disorders

 

(BLAD,Citrullinemia,Factor IX deficiency)

 

 

FODDER DEVELOPMENT AT PUDUKUDI UNIT, THANJAVUR DISTRICT.

In order to meet out the green fodder requirement of HGM Bull calf rearing station at pudukudi as well as the additional requirement of NJF, Ooty, development of green fodder like Co4/Co5, Maize (African Tall), Sorghum (COFS 29, Multicut), Hedge Lucerne etc. are being taken up at Pudukudi fodder production unit, Thanjavur District in 10acres.

S.No

 

Type of Fodder

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

Area in

yield in

 

 

 

acres

(MTs)

1

Co4/Co5

Green fodder (Multi cut)

(3 acres)

114.785

 

 

 

 

 

2

Maize-AT

(Single cut)

(3 acres)

48.559

 

 

 

 

3

Sorghum COFS-29 (Multi cut)

(2 acres)

39.468

 

 

 

 

4

Hedge Lucerne

(2 acres)

7.400

 

 

Total

 

210.212

Further, it is proposed to extend the green fodder production in additional 10 acres to meet out the green fodder requirements of nearby milk unions.

Co4/Co5

African tall maize

Hedge Lucerne

Sorghum – COFS-29 (Multi Cut)

Pudukudi Fodder Plot

Dairy Herd Improvement Programme Actions (DIPA), Erode

DIPA unit is also functioning at Erode. The activities of DIPA unit are:

Progeny Testing Programme (PTP)

In order to select superior cross bred bulls for breeding milch animals, progeny testing programme is being implemented by the Federation with the financial assistance from Government of India in Salem, Erode, Dharmapuri, Coimbatore, Trichy, Madurai and Tirunelveli DCMPUs.

Field Performance Recording Programme (FPRP)

Under Field Performance Recording Programme, the milk yield of the Jersey crossbred cows are recorded and elite cows are mated with proven bull semen to produce superior cross bred bull calves.

FPRP is being implemented by the Federation in 8 District Unions viz. Salem, Dharmapuri, Erode, Coimbatore, Trichy, Madurai, Dindigul and Tirunelveli with the financial assistance from Government of India.

Under the Field Performance Recording Programme for Crossbred Jersey, so far 332 bull calves have been provided for frozen semen production to the four frozen semen stations under Cooperative sector and Animal Husbandry Department.

FPRP programme is also carried out in pure Kangeyam Indigenous breeds to produce 50 calves under TNLDA fund.

ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION

Timely Artificial Insemination is essential for getting one calf per year. Hence for the benefit of Milk producers Artificial Insemination is carried out to the milch animals at the door step of the milk producers through union Veterinarians, NADP doctors and trained Village Level Workers. During the year 2016–17, 20.48 lakh Artificial Inseminations were carried out through 2686 Artificial Insemination Centres which includes 2617 Mobile and 69 Stationary Centres.